A.Settlement Support Process Settlement Support Process for North Korean Refugees
1 Request
for protection
and transfer to South

Upon request for protection, report and notify the situation to appropriate government agencies

Accommodate refugees in foreign diplomatic offices or temporary shelters in a host country

Negotiate with the host country and support the immigration of refugees after verifying their identity

2 Joint interrogation

Upon entrance, conduct joint interrogation with appropriate government agencies, including the National Intelligence Service

After interrogation, transfer refugees to the custody of Hanawon, the education center for social adaptation

3 Decision
over protection

Decide through deliberation by the Consultative Council to Deal with Dislocated North Koreans whether to grant the refugees protection

4 Hanawon

Education for social adaptation (12 weeks, 392 hours) - Psychological well-being, better understanding of South Korean
society, and basic vocational training

Transfer refugees to their residence after registration of family relations and arrangement for housing

5 Residence support
(five years)

Vocational support: vocational training, employment incentive, employment subsidy, etc.

Educational support: special admission and transfer to schools and support for tuition

Apply special cases for basic livelihood security (social security)

Support workers system: community services (local governments), employment (employment centers), and personal protection (police stations)

Operate regional councils to support North Korean refugees that are private-public collaborative bodies

Provide comprehensive services through the North Korean Refugees Foundation


Designate and operate regional adaptation centers

- Provide information on everyday life, psychological and career counseling services, and education to help refugees adapt to their community

Manage volunteer settlement helpers

Professional counselors for North Korean refugees

- Provide professional counseling services